02nd January, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. Given are two quotations of moral thinkers/philosophers. For each of these bring out what it means to you in the present context.

(a) “The weak can never forgive; forgiveness is the attribute of strong.” [10marks/2015/GS-4] 150 words.

(b) “We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light” [10marks/2015/GS-4] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Ashi Agarwal

    (a) “The weak can never forgive; forgiveness is the attribute of strong.”

    To me the above sentence means:
    1. In present times everyone wants to have revenge; the terrorists want revenge, the people of different religions want revenge for the killings of their people at the hands of others etc.
    2. Only the strongest of people realize the importance of forgiveness.
    3. Not wanting to harm the person who harmed you releases your soul from a cage, a cage on whose bars are written “I got to have revenge”.
    4. Revenge destroys both, the person who harmed, and the person who had revenge. Forgiveness blesses both: the person who harmed is free, and the person who suffered ultimately has happiness.
    5. Revenge, anger comes from weakness. If you were a strong person, people can do no harm, because you do not let yourself get harmed as Gandhi says, “Nobody can make you unhappy or weak without your consent.
    6. The things they did made no difference to you, and even if they did, you have the ‘strength’ to stand up and keep walking again.
    7. If we take Gandhi’s quote to heart, our world will be a much better place.

    (b) “We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.”

    To me the above sentence means:
    1. We smile when we encounter children afraid of the dark.
    2. We try to relieve their fears by explaining that “there is nothing to be afraid of dark” and bring to their awareness that someday they will no longer relate darkness to fear.
    3. We hope that as they mature, they will no longer need to use fear to stay safe, and because we see this as a natural developmental process, we are not overly concerned.
    4. However, what is truly tragic “is the adult who is afraid of the light” or someone who never grows out of this tendency to use fear to stay safe.
    5. The problem with this strategy, of course, is that when we attempt to survive by avoiding the truth about ourselves and the life we have created, we cut ourselves off from the flow of valuable information that the universe is constantly giving us.
    6. The only reason we continue to avoid the truth about the life we have created is that we are afraid of what that truth might mean about us. While this fear of failure is understandable, it is also the very tendency that will ultimately cause us to fail. Therefore, rather than putting our faith in fear and avoidance, I suggest that we instead turn toward the light and make use of the valuable information that facing the truth will always provide.
    7. Given that every moment contains the opportunity to choose, then facing the truth, even though it may be uncomfortable at first, can help us create a life of thriving versus merely surviving.

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      word limit is maintained today. good for you.

      • Ashi Agarwal

        thank you very much….

  • Dr. j0110

    “The weak can never forgive , forgiveness is the attribute of strong.” – Mahatama Gandhi.
    All of us have been hurt by someone or something in due course of our life which usually manifests itself as anger in our minds or results in revenge.

    Revenge & anger are the signs of weakness, born as one couldn’t stand by the adversaries , pain & sufferings.
    whereas stronger people are the ones who have strong soul , heart , mind , emotions to face such situations calmly, forgive & come out of the traumatizing experience.

    In the present context where whole world is suffering from anti-humanistic activities ; be it terrorism , wars , hate crime- religious, racial etc. ; the above quote by Gandhiji teaches us a transforming lesson to be a person strong enough to forgive, forget & move on instead of holding grudges.

    Gandhi ji also said ,” An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.” this quote along with earlier one can act as torchbearer to promote world peace, love, tolerance & goodwill among people & make earth a better place to live in.

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      good job. if you would have given the answer for the second quotation I could have published your answer too. but anyways good answer.

      • Dr. j0110

        “We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.” The beauty of this quote lies in it’s simplicity in highlighting much overlooked truth of our daily lives where we as children are all afraid of dark but as we grow up , we tend to do the very opposite .

        This quote relates itself to more of innocence , truthfulness , liveliness that a child owns but gradually with age that fades away.
        purity at heart , mind & soul , unconditional love are few basic lessons that we learn from child. later in our life , instead of cherishing these , we driven by own ulterior motives loose hold of these qualities.
        when man starts using his learned knowledge , wisdom for purposes against mankind , against nature turns the whole world into hell for all others.
        so we all must think , act & work in the ‘light’ of good virtues , to drive away ‘darkness’ of vices for betterment of one & all.

        • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

          quick response. good job.

      • Dr. j0110

        thanks , will try better next time