03rd December, 2016 (CSAT)



A controversy recently erupted at College X after the student newspaper printed several letters to the editor that attacked the college’s affirmative action program in offensive, racially charged language. Two psychologists at the school took advantage of the controversy by conducting an experiment on campus. Psychologist #1, posing as a reporter, stopped a student at random, ostensibly to solicit his or her opinion of the controversy. At the same time, psychologist #2, posing as a student, also stopped, joined the discussion, and made the first reply to the questions of the “reporter.” The experiment showed that when psychologist #2 expressed support for the racist sentiments expressed in the letters, 75 percent of the subjects responded similarly. When psychologist #2 expressed strong disapproval of the language and substance of the letters, 90 percent of the subjects responded similarly.

1. If the psychologists described above were to conclude from their data that some people are more willing to speak up against racism if they hear others doing so, their conclusion would depend on the validity of which one of the following assumptions?

(a) The students at College X are no more racist than are students at other colleges.

(b) The students at College X are more likely to have experienced racism personally.

(c) Some of the subjects in the experiment knew that the psychologists were posing as a reporter and a student.

(d) Some of the subjects in their experiment would have changed their response to psychologist #1’s questions if psychologist #2 had responded differently.



Pioneers of the motor-car industry realised that if they were going to meet the growing demand for their products, they had to adapt the labour force used in the productive process. Instead of many men working to complete all the stages of one car at a time, they assigned defined tasks to each man which they would repeat on every car.

2. Which of the following can be concluded from the passage?

(a) Early motor-car manufacturers intended to increase productivity by applying the principle of division of labour.

(b) The car workers became disgruntled because they were assigned monotonous, repetitive tasks on the assembly line.

(c) Economies of scale enabled early motor companies to expand.

(d) A bad worker would perform the same task badly on each car leading to many more rejects.

Tomorrow: Next questions for practice

For previous questions refer yesterday’s post

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