04th April, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. Discuss the various economic and socio-cultural forces that are driving increasing feminization of agriculture in India.

[10marks/2014/GS-1] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Vinay

    Agriculture labour in India is very important social and economic section of society. They comprise maximum workforce and also the poorest. Over few decades women in agriculture workforce has increased.

    Economic factors:
    1. Due to low wages for women compared to men, their intake has accelerated.
    2. Poor families have found extra income thorough women participating in agriculture.
    3. Microfinance to women has enabled widow or single mothers to take up agriculture in few states.
    4. With agriculture becoming less profitable, low wage women are preferred for many jobs.

    Socio-Cultural factors:
    1. Increased migration of men to more earning professions in cities has made women take up agriculture in villages.
    2. Increased poverty has forced or compelled families to let women work. It has added women into agriculture.

    As a society people started giving preference to economic status of a family. As a result women are accepted in various fields like offices in urban areas, agriculture in rural areas only when they wanted to improve their economic status.

    • Neha Jha

      Sorry, to ask this but why you have restricted your answer to only the agricultural labour part, you could have also related it with the feminist agriculture farmer? Rest is good. *The migration point in your answer, it slipped of through my mind while writing, thanks for reminding this point.

      • Vinay

        Agriculture was in my mind, but not sure why I wrote agricultural labour as first word. But in few points I mentioned women participating in agriculture not only as labour. I didn’t mention that straight, my mistake. Thanks for mentioning that.

  • Neha Jha

    Please Review:

    Agriculture covers the majority part of the Indian economy. The lack of technological advancement has given the opportunity to both men and women work as labourers and famers in the agricultural field.

    Economic Factors:
    1. As an bread runner for the family especially if widow, to combat against poverty.
    2. They are economically weaker than their male counterparts, it gives them opportunity to stand equal.
    3. Encouraging and employing more women labourers in the farm and making them self-reliant.

    Socio- Cultural Factors:
    1. It gives them the confidence to earn and educate their children.
    2. With the earning they took care of the health and participate in the various government schemes.
    3. As an competitor to their male gender, they learn about the farming techniques and are using mobile apps to connect and use facilities.

    In many recent examples, Like women farmer in Muzzaffarpur, Bihar whose crops production are far better than the many male farmers.It ultimately helps in increasing the confidence of the women.