06th September, 2017 (MAINS)


Q1. ‘The mainstay of Mahatma Gandhi’s movements was the rural India.’ Elucidate. [15marks/2003/GS-1] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.


    Gandhiji returned to India in January 1915. His effort in South Africa was well known not only to among the educated but also among the masses. He decided to tour the country the one year to familiar with people of rural India. He also decided not to take any position on any political matter for at least one year. He was convinced that the only technique capable of meeting the nationalist aims was non-violent Satyagarha. He also said that he would join no political organisation unless it too accepted the creed of non-violent Satyagarha.

    During 1917 and 1918, Gandhi was involved in three struggles in Champaran, Ahmadabad and Kheda before he launched the Rowlett Satyagarha. Out of 3 above mentioned places 2 were from rural India and thus Gandhi’s choice of Champaran and Kheda shows his commitment towards rural India. He was trying to base his activities in rural India and thus cultivated cordial relations with the masses which were very necessary to fight against the colonial power.

    Gandhiji was the leader of masses who realized potential to shake the very foundation of British Raj. He knew that only 85% of the populations, who live in rural India, have power and courage to challenge the British might.

    Farmers, women and people from working classes started participating in the National Movement of the country. Right from the Champaran Satyagarha to Quit India Movement, masses played very important role to carry forward mission of revolutionary leaders.