07th January, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss. [12.5marks/2015/GS-1] 200 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • DVM

    The constitution of India is one of the largest written constitution in the world with around 495 Articles and 8 schedules, It took around 2 Years 11 Months and 18 days to frame the constitution.The constitution of India found it’s root in various laws enacted by the British government and also it borrows various novel features from the other countries constitution like Fundamental right from American constitution, DPSP from Irish constitution etc. The basic building bloc which form the foundation of Indian constitution is Government of India Act,1935. The various articles were directly lifted from this act, below are the some of the features which were picked from this act are:
    1. Parliamentary form of government.
    2. Federal structure.
    3. Office of governor.
    4. Integrated Judiciary
    5. Public service commissions
    6. Emergency Provisions and
    7. Administrative details

    since India was passing through the major turmoil of Partition and other social issues the Government of India act of 1935 became the torch bearer during the process of constitution making. There were also various debate in constitution assembly regarding
    1. whether to have a parliamentary form of government or Presidential form?
    2. Whether to have a federal structure or a unitary structure?
    3. what will be the administrative structure in new democracy?
    4. whether to continue with the Integrated judiciary or to have a separate laws for each sates?
    5. whether to include Emergency provisions in constitution which will give them the constitutional validity etc.

    As the People of India were familiar with the existing structure, the makers of the constitution adopted the useful principles from the Government of India Act 1935 with proper modification which helped in addressing the majority of Issues as discussed above. It will not only reduce the time required to prepare the constitution for a vast country like India where the society is divided on religion,caste,sex.linguistic etc basis but also helped in pacifying the majority of the demands of different princely states. As rightly said by the Father of Indian constitution that even if the majority of the portion is borrowed from different countries they were modified in order to suit the demands and needs of Indian People as whole. This has been proved by the fact that even after 67 Years of Independence and with second largest population in the world the Indian Constitution still stood the ravage of time by providing it’s citizen the rights with maintaining peace and harmony with rest of the world.

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      good answer with relevant points. keep it up..

      • Kk53775

        Sir, Can you upload some expected questions like TLP program of IASbaba… At least can we have those TLP questions on your blog ? Please…!!

        • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

          Sure its my promise I’ll post good questions. Let me first get some ground here. Then the number of daily questions will also increase. I think you can understand. I am a kid as compared to IAS baba and insightsonindia. But it wont be long. Even that is my promise.

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      your answer published as top answer on the below link:

      • DVM

        Thanks shashi….would try to reduce the word limit..