08th January, 2017 (CSAT)



Some decisions will be fairly obvious – “no-brainers.” Your bank account is low, but you have a two-week vacation coming up and you want to get away to some place warm to relax with your family. Will you accept your in-laws’ offer of free use of their Florida beachfront condo? Sure. You like your employer and feel ready to move forward in your career. Will you step in for your boss for three weeks while she attends a professional development course? Of course.

1. Which of the following is an apt summary for the above passage?

(a) Some decisions are obvious under certain circumstances. You may, for example, readily accept a relative’s offer of free holiday accommodation. Or step in for your boss when she is away.

(b) Some decisions are no brainers. You need not think when making them. Examples are condo offers from inlaws and job offers from bosses when your bank account is low or boss is away.

(c) Easy decisions are called “no-brainers” because they do not require any cerebral activity. Examples such as accepting free holiday accommodation abound in our lives.

(d) Accepting an offer from in-laws when you are short on funds and want a holiday is a no-brainer. Another nobrainer is taking the boss’s job when she is away



Modern bourgeois society, said Nietzsche, was decadent and enfeebled – a victim of the excessive development of the rational faculties at the expense of will and instinct. Against the liberalrationalist stress on the intellect, Nietzsche urged recognition of the dark mysterious world of instinctual desires- the true forces of life. Smother the will with excessive intellectualizing and you destroy the spontaneity that sparks cultural creativity and ignites a zest for living. The critical and theoretical outlook destroyed the creative instincts. For man’s manifold potential to be realized, he must forego relying on the intellect and nurture again the instinctual roots of human existence.

2. Which of the following is an apt summary for the above passage?

(a) Nietzsche urges the decadent and enfeebled modern society to forego intellect and give importance to creative instincts.

(b) Nietzsche urges the decadent and enfeebled modern society to smother the will with excessive intellectualising and ignite a zest for living.

(c) Nietzsche criticizes the intellectuals for enfeebling the modern bourgeois society by not nurturing man’s creative instincts.

(d) Nietzsche blames excessive intellectualization for the decline of modern society and suggests nurturing creative instincts instead.

Tomorrow: Next questions for practice

For previous questions refer yesterday’s post

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