10th December, 2015 (MAINS)

TODAYs ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-II

Q1. What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression”? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss. [12.5marks/2014/GS-4] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Umesh Sachin

    GS 2 question solved by me:
    Q1. What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression”? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss. [12.5marks/2014/GS-4] 150 words.
    My Answer:
    Freedom of speech and expression:
    1. It is a fundamental right given by our Constitution which implies that every citizen has a freedom to express his views, opinions, beliefs and convictions freely by word of mouth, writing, printing, picturing or in any other manner.

    Freedom of speech and expression does not cover hate speech because:
    1. One may insult somebody’s caste, religion, race, place of birth and language etc. and disturb harmonious co-existence.
    2. India is a land of diversity and political parties will misuse this diversity in their favour by inciting communities against each other by hate speeches.
    3. Hate speech violates several provisions like threat to national integration, public order, rights of others, potential of communal conflicts and so on hence hate speeches are kept outside the ambit of freedom of speech and expression.

    Films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression because:
    1. Films are made for commercial and entertainment purpose, shown mainly on the plane of fiction and freedom of speech and expression and hate speeches come under the plane of reality.
    2. Films are rather the form of expression of creativity than any other form of speech and expression and the movie should not offend anyone.
    3. In order to put a regulatory framework on films, Govt. of India has established Censor Board which is a body that gives certification for the screening of films.
    4. A large number of people are influenced by the messages conveyed through films. So the right message should be delivered through films as it impacts the society as a whole.

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      good answer.. covered all the areas of he question asked.. keep it up..

    • Dev Verma

      nice job..

    • Shashank Garg

      Bro you exceeded the word limit. My answer is also much longer than the prescribed word limit. The question has three different parts and expressing each in just 50 words is very difficult task.
      Otherwise very nice answer :)

  • Shashank Garg

    Freedom of speech and expression as expressed in Article 19 (1) of Indian Constitution provides freedom to express the views freely without any fear. Free speech including dissent is an integral part of an efficiently functioning democracy. According to The Constitution, this right is not an absolute one and the restrictions imposed on this right inter alia include public order, decency or morality, contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence.

    Though hate speech is not directly expressed as a valid restriction on enjoying this freedom but based on the content and the context of the speech it can cross the lines of public decency or morality. It can even defame an individual, organization or institution or can incite others to commit offence against it.

    The prominent reasons for films in India finding them on higher level of scrutiny when it comes to freedom of ideas expressed in them are:

    1. The mass consumption and appeal of this particular media, especially by the more vulnerable population.

    2. The extent of idolizing of actors enhances the depth of the impact of the idea.

    3. Centralized distribution of the content makes it easier to curb. Curbing newspapers is far more difficult than violating a few cinema halls.

    4. Films are not considered a very important media for freedom of expression, so the hullabaloo on destroying a few cinema halls is less than what happens on curbing any newspaper.