11th September, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern states of India ? Discuss with justification. [05marks/2013/GS-1] 100 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Deepak Tomar

    In recent years, Sugar cultivation started shifting towards southern regions because:
    1. UP And Bihar face fog, loo, frost and flood like conditions, While Southern States have Uniform temperature and irrigation facilities throughout the year.
    2. Coastal tropical condition and moderating effect of Ocean leads to higher sugar yields, longer crushing season – enabling mills to work throughout the year.
    3. Increasing disease proneness of sugarcane in the traditional sugar belt in northern region.
    4. Sugar mills have be to setup near cultivation areas because (i) bulky & weight-losing nature of raw material (ii) Sucrose content rapidly declines with time. Therefore, as sugar cultivation belt started moving southwards, the mills followed them.
    5. Addition “pull” factors are (i) Labourers less unionized than Northern Counterparts (ii) Proximity to Ports at Chennai and Kochi creates additional opportunities for export.