12th April, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain. [10marks/2014/GS-1] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • RK

    The reasons behind why the British planters didn’t succeed beyond Darjeeling area are as follows-
    a- British planters worked for profit maximization and area beyond darjeeling hill didnt suit them for the said purpose
    b- Shivaliks and lesser himalayas were ideal place for cultivating tea, these areas provide required soil,rainfall, temp.,sunlight, humidity and other favorable climatic conditions
    c- These areas were relatively calm unlike politically charged mainland of India
    d- Absence of bigger intermediary class like zamindars as they existed in Bengal & Bihar helped planters to work more freely
    e- Less population in these areas helped them for carrying mass cultivation in vacant lands
    f- Forests were cleared for plantation without much protest
    g- Labors were easily brought from tribal areas of Bihar, Bengal and orrisa

    • OpenForCriticism

      Your answer has good points note down..:)

  • OpenForCriticism

    Please review:

    To break the Chinese monopoly in Tea trade British introduced tea plantation in India.

    British brought the tea seeds from China and planted in the Shavlik regions, foot hills of lesser Himalayas like Calcutta, Darjeeling, and Dehradun.

    Tea plants needs low temperature, well drained slopes and intense rainfall which existed on the Assam and near Darjeeling area for the growth.

    Ironically Chinese tea seedlings could not survive the cold in winter and hot in summer weather conditions.

    In Shavlik regions and Lesser Himalayas, The temperature relatively very compared to Assam and Darjeeling and Very low temperature adversely affects the tea cultivation. And this is the reason tea plantation could not succeed beyond Darjeeling

    • RK

      hey..good one..but i think that apart from geographical factors, other areas are bit ignored in this ans..

      • OpenForCriticism

        Hey Thanks for reviewing. I think the same.. i will improve it.

    • Neha Jha

      Your points are good..but please start working on your presentations. Atleast, add a one line introduction. Keep writing:-)

  • Neha Jha

    Please Review:

    British took tea from China and learned the expertise to produce tea. This was done to supplant their import dependence on China
    and tried tea plantation in hilly terrain of India with equivalent climate. They experimented this from Ranchi to Kangra. But, despite this they could not succeed due to:
    1) The favourable climate i.e., high rainfall available for tea only in Darjeeling
    2) The Ranchi gardens have poor soil not suitable for tea cultivation.
    3) The temperature and humidity needed by tea were not available in Himahchal Pradesh and Dehradun although soil in Dehradun is
    equivalent to that of Assam
    4) Presence of cheap labour through bonded labours permitted by Plantation act which brought labours to work on plantations from
    Bihar and Bengal.
    Even in some other areas like Kangra, Britishers were successful in growing tea but due to earthquake they handed it over to locals who didn’t knew technical knowhow and could not maintain the plantations.