15th December, 2015 (MAINS)

TODAYs ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-III

Q1. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014. What are the key issues which would get addressed with the Act in place? What implications would it have on industrialization and agriculture in India?

[12.5marks/2014/GS-3] 200 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Ashi Agarwal

    GS3 question solved by me:
    Q1. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014. What are the key issues which would get addressed with the Act in place? What implications would it have on industrialization and agriculture in India?

    The key issues which would get addressed are:
    1. It will provide just and fair compensation to the affected families whose land will be acquired. Compensation would be 4 times the market value for rural land owners and 2 times the market value for urban land owners.
    2. Social Impact Assessment for the people affected by land acquisition with remedial measures for rehabilitation and resettlement.
    3. All the rights guaranteed under (PESA)Act, 1996 and Forest Rights Act, 2006 should be taken care of to ensure consultation with institutions of local self-government like GramSabhas.
    4. If land is acquired for private companies or public private partnership then consent of 80% of displaced people is required.

    The implications of the Act on industrialization and agriculture in India:
    5. A large number of projects have become stalled due to the restrictions on land acquisition thus slowing the economic development.
    6. Even agricultural development will be affected because of the absence of the clause that only non-agricultural land can be acquired for projects.
    7. Absence of clear cut policy for returning unused land would harm the land resources and affect food security negatively.
    8. Farming may be intentionally kept depressed in regions where industries are keen on land acquisition.
    9. Private industries fear delay in projects because of mandatory SIA and 80% consent requirements.
    10. It will serve as an efficient mechanism in resolving the conflicts between the community and industries on lower compensation.

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      Good answer..

      • Ashi Agarwal

        Thanks a lot..

    • Preeti Fci

      The Act also provides for a humane, participative, informed and transparent process for land acquisition for industrialisation, development of essential infrastructural facilities and urbanisation with the least disturbance to the owners of the land and other affected families.