19th January, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity. [12.5marks/2015/GS-1] 200 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Surabhi Gupta

    1.Religious Diversity:
    India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, collectively known as Indian religions. Today, Hinduism and Buddhism are the world’s third and fourth-largest religions respectively.
    The stronger the relationship between nation and religion, the more the religious homogeneity, the stronger is the national identity.

    2.Linguistic Diversity:
    The Constitution of India has approved of 22 languages. In 1950, the States in India were reorganized on linguistic basis. As a result, the domiciles of a particular state speak a particular language.
    Language is a driving force behind unity of the nation’s people, and makes them distinct from other nations.

    3.Social Diversity:
    People of different regions use different types of dresses. Their eating habits and customs are also quite different. Certain people are quite civilized while other are yet backward in their customs.
    The social beliefs, values, assumptions and expectations collectively help in construction of national identity.

    4.Art Diversity:
    Indian paintings, sculpture and architecture encompass a multitude of expressions over space and time, constantly absorbing new ideas. Cave paintings from Ajanta, Bagh, Ellora and Sittanavasal and temple paintings testify to a love of naturalism.
    Cultural practices, especially the purposeful making of things, embody our values and these are the basis of the good mental health of a society. These practices help contribute to an individual and collective sense of national identity.

    • http://shashidthakur.com/ Shashi Thakur

      Nicely arranged. good answer.

      • Surabhi Gupta


    • Ashi Agarwal

      good try but i m not satisfied with the national identity part at few places.