19th September, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world.

[10marks/2013/GS-1] 200 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Preeti Fci

    Indian Nuclear power program has three stage, first stage requires Uranium, second stage- creates plutonium from Uranium and third stage requires thorium. Therefore, among all the radioactive elements- uranium and Thorium are the most critical for generation of Nuclear Energy.

    Andhra: Tummalapalle in Kadapa District, one of the largest uranium reserves in the world.
    Jharkhand: Hazaribaug, Jadugauda, Singhbhum.
    UP: Saharanpur
    Rajasthan: Udaipur, Jaipur
    Uranium Corporation of India has also initiated projects to exploit this mineral from Lambapur Andhra and Domiasiat in Meghalaya. Efforts are made to explore sources in Andhra Pradesh (Tumalapalle) and Karnataka (Gogi) as well.
    Worldwide the leading producers are Australia (Port Darwin, Rum Jungle), Canada (Lake Great Bear), Russia (South of Urals), Kazakhstan, Namibia, Niger and Uzbekistan.

    As compared to uranium, the geographical distribution of thorium is much more restrictive.
    Largest deposits found in Malabar coast of Kerala. Sufficient to generate 3.5 lakh MW energy for 300 years.
    USA (Florida, Idaho) and South Africa (Coastal areas) are among other important regions for Thorium.