20th April, 2016 (MAINS)

TODAYs ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-I

Q1. Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water?
[10marks/2014/GS-1] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Shashank Garg

    The Green revolution aimed at elevating the food security problem of the country. To achieve this aim the programme focused on areas where improvements could be made in least time with least effort. In this light the programme was virtually limited to the north-western parts of the county because:

    1. The farmers of Punjab and nearby states were financially better off as compared to eastern region and thus implementing the techniques of improving productivity such as high yielding varieties of seeds and irrigation using water pumps was easier.

    2. The average size of land holding in eastern region was smaller, making it less suitable for adoption new technology and mechanization under Green Revolution.

    Though the Green Revolution succeeded in achieving its objective of making India self-reliant in food grains, it created inter-state inequalities among farmers and environmental issues due to over irrigation and indiscriminate use of fertilisers. The recent steps by government to broaden Green Revolution in terms of area as well as crops are a commendable step.

    • Neha Jha

      Well written, but could have added one more point… like climate factor.

      • Shashank Garg

        Can you please elaborate on the climate point. GR succeeded in Punjab and not in UP even though the climate in UP is more conducive for agriculture.
        I can’t think of how can I include this point in my answer.

        • Neha Jha

          Okay, just think about it….one state have resource and one is economically stable….but the climate is too cold which is not favourable for growing wheat which was chosen as an experiment in GE. Also, NE is prone to high rainfall,which is one of the factor responsible for soil erosion and also responsible for flood..In that case, one can’t grow the desired crops. That was all I wanted to say, hope I made it clear to you..If any doubt, feel free to counter your view.

          • Shashank Garg

            I agree with your point. But I can’t think how to add it to my answer. The question says “despite rich soil and water supply” GR bypassed Eastern region. So basically question agrees that geoclimatic conditions in East are more conducive for agriculture. The answer has to explain how Punjab region succeeded even with this given condition. So I think adding climate might not support my answer.

          • Shashank Garg

            Are you studying on your own or have you joined any coaching? What’s your optional subject.

          • Neha Jha

            Na studying on my own..no coaching. Fees bahut zyada hai. Optional:- English Literature.

            What about your optional?

          • Shashank Garg

            Hindi literature.

          • Neha Jha

            Gud Luck for your subject…very nice subject ..someone told me literature subjects are very risky for UPSC..it don’t fetch you marks….I told so what, may be because you have not tried yourself:-)

          • Shashank Garg

            It is a general perception about literature subjects which I think came out from the poor marks we got in schools literature tests. In general UPSC is cool with literature subjects. In fact in past 2-3 years they have been among good scoring optionals. Anyway I don’t believe in this funda of UPSC treating some optional favorably or otherwise.Good luck to you too.

          • Neha Jha

            Yes, rich soil is available in the NE but of no use due to climatic conditions like high rainfall causing floods and erosion every year. So, I added that. I thought question is why it didn’t worked in NE instead of Punjab. Let’s come to a common conclusion…and I finally mix your point with mine one…i.e., why it was not favourable for NE and how it became favourable for Punjab or UP.

          • Shashank Garg

            You should specifically mention Western UP. GR was successful in some parts of west up only. It didn’t reached Eastern UP.

          • Neha Jha

            Yes…the western UP. Sorry, for that.