20th March, 2016 (MAINS)

TODAYs ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-II

Q1. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of the above observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards.

[12.5marks/2014/GS-2] 200 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Aniruddh Shrivastava

    National Human Rights Commission is accountable for the protection and promotion of human rights, defined by the Act as “rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants”.

    Judiciary is a mechanism for the resolution of disputes followed by in depth investigation and enforcement of law. Inevitably,for this both the unit must have enough power and authority. However, National Human Rights Commission as a structural and functional body,has not enjoyed that authorities and freedom.

    For instance, NHRC has the capacity to only provide advise and recommendations to the Government.Now it is up to government to enforce its suggestions or not.Also,it is wholly dependent on the central government for funding and personnel.

    Moreover,NHRC has very limited investigative powers, and not allowed to conduct any investigation against members of the Army, Navy, Air Force and the para-military forces.

    Though the NHRC as a body is effective in itself, there are some structural and statutory limitations which prohibit it from being truly complementary to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards.

    • http://shashidthakur.com/ Shashi Thakur

      good answer.