TODAYs ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-I
Q1. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India? [10 marks/2014/GS-1]
Please write answer in the comments section.
GS1 question solved:
Q1. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India?
Answer: The naval mutiny proved to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India in the following ways:
1. Royal Indian Navy revolt (naval mutiny) started as a strike against discrimination of Indian personnel in the matters of pay d promotion.
2. This strike found immense support among the Indian populace, already gripped by anti-British sentiments.
3. They were supported by demonstrations which included a one day strike in Bombay.
4. The strike spread to other cities and was joined by Royal Indian Airforce and local police forces.
5. Widespread rioting took place from Karachi to Calcutta. Interestingly, the revolting ships hoisted three flags tied together – those of the Congress, Muslim League and Red Flag of the communist party of India, signifying the unity and downplaying of communal issues among mutineers.
6. According to the then British Prime Minister Clement Atlee, it was the naval mutiny of February 1946 which made the British realise that their time was up in India.
7. The naval mutiny was diluted only by Indian leaders’ efforts indicating the practical shift in the authority from the British.
8. The efforts by the British and Indian National Congress to control the mutiny made British realise about this true but bitter fact.
9. Since World War II, the power and dominance of British authorities had already been eroding.
10. The naval mutiny exposed the weakening of genuine British hold over India.
11. The importance of this mutiny can be seen from the fact that n very next day of break out of mutiny, Cabinet Mission was sent to India to facilitate er attain freedom.
12. This last nail made it sure that India got her independence within 18 months.