21st December, 2016 (CSAT)


1. The Shvets-chattra or the “White Umbrella” was a symbol of sovereign political authority placed over the monarch’s head at the time of the coronation. The ruler so inaugurated was regarded not as a temporal autocrat but as the instrument of protective and sheltering firmament of supreme law. The white umbrella symbol is of great antiquity and its varied use illustrates the ultimate common basis of non-theocratic nature of states in the Indian traditions as such, the umbrella is found, although not necessarily a white one, over the head of Lord Ram, the Mohammedan sultans and Chatrapati Shivaji. Which of the following best summarizes the above passage?

(a) The placing of an umbrella over the ruler’s head was a common practice in the Indian subcontinent.

(b) The white umbrella represented the instrument of firmament of the supreme law and non-theocratic nature of Indian states.

(c) The umbrella, not necessarily a white one, was a symbol of sovereign political authority.

(d) The varied use of the umbrella symbolized the common basis of the non-theocratic nature of states in the Indiana tradition.


2. Pipe A can fill a tank in 3 h but there is a leakage also, due to which it takes 3.5 h for the tank to be filled. How much time will the leakage take in emptying the tank, if the tank is filled initially?

(a) 21 h

(b) 20 h

(c) 18 h

(d) 10.5 h

Tomorrow: Next questions for practice

For previous questions refer yesterday’s post

Click on MAINS and PRELIMS pages also.