21st September, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. In the context of the growing demands for the ban of Endosulfan in the country, critically examine the issues involved. What, in your view, should be done in the matter? [25marks/2012/GS-3] 250 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Ashi Agarwal

    1. Endosultan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out globally. The two isomers, endo and exo, are known popularly as I and II.
    2. Endosultan became a highly controversial agrichemical due to its acute toxicity, potential tor bioaccumulation. and role as an endocrine disruptor. Because of its threats to human health and the environment, a global ban on the manufacture and use of endosulfan was negotiated under the Stockholm Convention in April 2011.
    3. The ban was to take effect in mid-2012. with certain uses exempted for five additional years. the Supreme Court banned the production and sale of endosulfan in the country. In April 2012. it asked the Centre to ascertain the quantity of raw material lying with three companies (producers of the banned pesticide endosulfan) and the manner in which the raw material could be disposed of. the international conventions and global practices also suggest phasing out.
    4. The FAO also recommends disposal of live stock of pesticides through phasing out by its judicious use as per good agricultural practices for crop protection purposes. Of the 10 States which participated in the meeting convened by the expert committee, except Kerala and Karnataka, other States were in favour of the continued use of endosulfan for the reasons being broad spectrum, cheaper, most popular among farmers, site to pollinations, no reports of resistance/resurgence or ill effects on human beings, animals and environment.
    5. Thus, States other than Kerala and Karnataka are ready to use endosulfan for agricultural pest control.

    • Sheldor

      What, in your view, should be done in the matter?

  • irfan wani

    “Triple Talaq in Unconstitutional, yet State should not interfere in Religious Affairs”
    The state definitely needs to intervene in any religious matter that compromises with the rights of the individuals. The interference is valid on the following grounds:
    1. The Indian version of secularism is based on state induced reforms in the religions.
    2. No custom is above the individual rights and dignity of an individual as per the human rights guidelines.
    3. The constitutional values are above all personal laws and therefore personal laws can be modified as per the needs of the time.
    Though, the reform process would be more lasting and sustainable if it is internally induced and written on the hearts of individuals rather than technical laws of the legislature.