25th December, 2015 (MAINS)

TODAYs ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-IV

Q1. What is meant by ‘environmental ethics’? Why is it important to study? Discuss any one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics.

[10 marks/2015/GS-4] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Ashi Agarwal

    GS4 question solved
    Q1. What is meant by ‘environmental ethics’? Why is it important to study? Discuss any one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics.

    Answer : Environmental Ethics meaning:
    1. It is a branch of ethics that studies the relation of human beings and the environment and how ethics play a role in this.
    2. It believes that humans are a part of society as well as other living creatures, which includes plants and animals.
    3. It builds on scientific understanding by bringing human values, moral principles, and improved decision making into conversation with science.

    It is important to study Environmental Ethics because:
    1. Plants and animals are very important part of the world and are considered to be a functional part of human life. So, it is essential that every human being respects and honours them and uses morals and ethics when dealing with these creatures.
    2. By studying and practicing environmental ethics, we can ensure that we are doing our part to keep the environment safe and protected.
    3. For example, every time a tree is cut down to make a home we are using natural resources that are becoming sparser to find. It is essential that we do our part to keep the environment protected and free from danger.

    Major Contemporary Environmental Issues:
    Pollution, Overpopulation, Industrial and Household Waste, Acid Rain, Climate change, Ozone Layer Depletion, Urban Sprawl, Genetic Engineering, Deforestation, and Global Warming.

    Pollution – discussed from the viewpoint of environmental ethics:
    1. Air pollution can result in acid rain which kills trees, destroy the leaves of plants, can infiltrate soil by making it unsuitable for purposes of nutrition and habitation. It also kills fishes in lakes and streams by increasing the acidity of water.
    2. Water Pollution may disrupt photosynthesis in aquatic plants and thus affecting ecosystems that depend on these plants. Water polluted with different chemicals can cause decline of population in some species (such as frog)
    3. Soil Pollution can cause trees and plants to absorb soil contaminants and pass them up the food chain.
    4. Noise pollution is also becoming huge problem for many animals, especially animals that live in our oceans and seas. Because of the increased ship traffic and offshore oil drilling noise pollution has started affecting very large number of marine animals.

    Conclusion:
    Ethics plays an important role in our society today and it is the responsibility of all to ensure that environmental ethics are being met.

    • Shailesh

      But you haven’t provided ethical solutions for controlling pollution.

    • Kamlesh Twari

      nicely arranged.

  • Shailesh

    Environmental ethics is a branch of ethics that studies the
    relation of human beings and the environment and ethics plays a role in this.
    Environmental ethics believe that humans are a part of society as well as other
    living creatures such as plants and animals and these are considered as
    functional part of human life. Thus, it is essential that every human being
    should use morals and ethics while dealing with these creature.

    At present, the world is facing extreme challenges such as global
    warming, climate change, ozone layer depletion. In India, overpopulation, deforestation,
    pollution causing problems besides these. So here comes the role of
    environmental ethics. With environmental ethics, we can ensure that we are
    doing our part to keep the environment safe and protected.

    The most debated issue at present is of “climate change”,
    for which United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Paris, with the
    aim of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature
    increase. Since over the past two centuries, developed countries have created
    astounding wealth with energy resulting in carbon dioxide pollution, yet the
    poorer countries of the world still seeking authentic development. So, it is
    the moral duty of the developed ones to provide financial assistance to the
    developing ones but they are unwilling to help. Here, the field of climate
    ethics has emerged to provide guidance and it addresses the distribution of
    responsibilities. It suggests that its time for all the countries to act as one
    globe and help each other in all possible ways.