27th January, 2016 (MAINS)


Q1. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes?  [12.5marks/2015/GS-1] 200 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Umesh Sachin

    1.According to the census report, sex ratio in Scheduled Tribes is 990 and Scheduled castes is 945.
    2.Better sex ratios among tribals reflects a combination of positive and negative factors; cultural gender equality as well as lack of access to pre-natal diagnostic technology.
    3.Similarly, there is no social bias against women in tribal communities such as there exists among the middle castes.
    4.Women can ask for a divorce, and in many communities, money is paid to the girl’s family at the time of marriage.
    5.Simultaneously, most tribal communities either do not know of pre-natal sex determination, or do not have access to it.
    6.Similarly the proportion of women who are in the workforce – which is considered an indicator of female empowerment, is highest among STs (43.49%), followed by SCs (28.30%).
    7.The new numbers also show that tribals are undergoing a massive occupational change. While there has been a fall in the proportion of people working as cultivators and a rise in agricultural labour across the country, this shift is most marked in the case of STs.
    8.The child sex ratio among SCs is far lower in states like Haryana, Punjab and Delhi which have low sex ratios for all social groups.

    • http://shashidthakur.com/ Shashi Thakur

      good answer, 201 words. although some more points about scheduled castes could have been added. keep it up.