29th December, 2015 (MAINS)


Q1. Differentiate between the following [10marks/2015/GS-4] 200 words.

(i) Law and ethics

(ii) Ethical management and management of ethics

(iii) Discrimination and preferential treatment

(iv) Personal Ethics and Professional Ethics

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Kamlesh Twari

    2015 mains GS4 question solved:
    Ethics are social guidelines based on moral principles and values.
    Ethics comes from people’s awareness of what is right and wrong.
    Ethics are moral codes which every person must conform to.

    Laws are rules and regulations that have specific penalties and consequences when violated.
    Laws are enforced by governments to its people.
    Laws are codifications of ethics meant to regulate society.

    Ethical management:
    Ethical management refers to conducting management in accordance with the standards established by social norms though not necessarily enforced by laws.
    Ethical management refers to corporate management that not only fulfills economic goals and legal responsibilities, but also meets the ethical expectations imposed by social norms in conducting business.
    The company’s decision making is not only based on economical principals, but also on the premise of ethical judgments including transparent accounting, fair terms, legal tax-paying, environment protection to abide by the standards fairly and uprightly, stricter than the law or government regulations.

    Management of Ethics:
    Management of ethics involves monitoring the behaviour of employees in accordance with the organization’s expectations of appropriate behaviour, and taking quick and appropriate action to minimize the impact of suspected ethical violations.
    Management of Ethics establishes the acceptable standards of behaviour for employees, and the rules and regulations that govern those standards.
    Management of Ethics is required to build increased commitment of the employees to the organisations values and improving compliance with its rules, regulations and policies.

    Discrimination is a consideration of, or making a distinction in favour/against, a person/thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person/thing is perceived to belong to rather than on individual merit.
    This includes treatment of an individual or group based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or social category, “in a way that is worse than the way people are usually treated”
    Some examples of discrimination include the following: a) Harassment – inappropriate jokes, insults, name-calling or displays such as a poster or cartoons directed at a person because of their race, colour, sex or gender, sexual orientation, etc.

    Preferential Treatment:
    Preferential Treatment is equivalent to “favouritism,” or giving preference to certain classes or types over other classes or types.
    Preferential treatment involves acting unfairly and outside the appropriate legal process to give an advantage to an individual or firm.
    Your colleague gets preferential treatment because he/she is a friend of the boss. You might notice that he/she receives special favours, such as choice work assignments, a better work schedule or the newest computer in the office.

    Personal Ethics:
    These are the basic principles and values that govern interactions among individuals.
    Sound personal ethics are typically those that positively impact the experience of others when used to govern an individual’s social or business related behaviour, and at the very least, such ethics should not have a negative impact on others.
    Personal ethics is a category of philosophy that determines what an individual believes about morality and right and wrong.

    Professional Ethics:
    These are professionally accepted standards of personal and business behaviour, values and guiding principles.
    Codes of professional ethics are often established by professional organizations to help guide members in performing their job functions according to sound and consistent ethical principles.
    Professional ethics are the standards that an organized group of people working in the same occupation develops and holds to be the ideal way to practice their “profession”

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      Answer is good. You have given 3 points of differences for each answer. 2 points would have been sufficient I think so. Or else we would not be able to finish the paper within the prescribed time limit. Still well attempted to give a model answer. All the best.

      • Kamlesh Twari

        thanks for your feedback. wasn’t sure which point to keep and which to eliminate, so I put all the points. will try to maintain word limit in the next answers.

  • Kanishak

    29dec gs4

    • http://shashidthakur23.blog.com Shashi Thakur

      good, you maintained word limit.

    • Nikhil Singh

      good way to represent the answer.