TODAYs ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM GS-I
Q1. Discuss the changes in the trends of labour migration within and outside India in the last four decades. [12.5marks/2015/GS-1] 200 words.
Please write answer in the comments section.
Changes in the trends within India:
1.The bulk of intra-state migrations were not caused by economic factors. About three-fourths of all migrants were females, marriage being the prime reason for such migration.
2.Most of the rural migrants are from backward states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Reason being search of better jobs in agricultural farms or other establishments in rural areas.
3.Migrants had a tendency to move into comparatively developed regions like West Bengal, Maharashtra, the National Capital Territory of Delhi, Chandigarh, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Changes in the trends outside India:
4.There has been the rise in permanent, but especially temporary, migration for employment purposes due to the development of the information technology sector, for which in some countries there is a shortage of skilled and highly skilled workers.
5.Economic conditions and local manpower needs are certainly among the principal determinants of migrants’ choice of location. At the same time family and community links, as well as the geographical proximity of the country of origin, could be considered significant influences.
6.International mobility of skilled workers in service provision is another form of labour migration that is increasing steeply. The movements are usually for short periods, though they may extend to several months or recur at frequent intervals. Lower transport costs and technical specialisation account for this trend.