03rd December, 2015 (MAINS)


Q1. While we flaunt India’s demographic dividend, we ignore the dropping rates of employability. What are we missing while doing so? Where will the jobs that India desperately needs come from? Explain. [12.5marks/2014/GS-4] 150 words.

Please write answer in the comments section.

  • Kamlesh Twari

    Reasons for dropping rates of employability:
    1. Poor quality of overall education system with no signs of improvement.
    2. Low levels of health, education and social status of population.
    3. Disguised employment, poor skill set and illiterate labour force.
    4. Limited land and poor technological base in agricultural sector.

    The jobs that India desperately needs can come from:
    1. Imparting skill, vocational training, proper education and empowerment of working population.
    2. Rapid growth of industrial sector by providing incentives and reforming labour laws.
    3. Inflow of FDI.
    4. Agricultural labour force can be employed in Small and Medium Enterprises.
    5. India has a great potential for generating employment in Tourism sector.

  • Shashank Garg

    India currently is one of the world’s youngest nations with a mean age of 28 years that is way below most western developed nations and also China. The demographic dividend can become an asset only if it is employable. The main reasons for poor employability in India are:

    1. Poor skill level of worker in India, even a large number of college graduates are considered unemployable due to poor soft skills.

    2. Near absence of vocational training.

    3. Poor health of workers leads to low per worker productivity.

    To fill the gap between the rising working age population and number of jobs available:

    1. Skill development programmes such as Skill India must be given utmost priority.

    2. As experience of other countries show manufacturing sector if promoted can become engine of growth to harness the potential of huge populations.

    3. Giving due emphasis on soft skills and professional training in all courses in graduate and high school courses.